Rhine River Next

The trip northwest down the Rhine in 1727 and 1732 passes through a number of political empires. Tolls are collected by these kingdoms in 1254 (1) and probably also in the 1700's, which would have been one of the costs of emigrating.

Still in 2015, "... castles and ruins mark the sites of former tolling stations along the Rhine River valley. History records that at one time or another during the millennium 800-1800, 79 different locations served as toll booths along the Rhine and its tributaries [(2, preface pp. v-vii)].The Rhine River was the major commercial thoroughfare in Western Europe during this time, and Rhine customs and tolls were a major source of revenue for the Holy Roman Empire. As such, the Emperors closely guarded the right to collect tolls. Such a right could be granted only by the Emperor. For instance, one well-documented tolling station that operated continuously throughout the Middle Ages, Koblenz, first got this right in 1018 [(2, p. 83)]. Formally, the right to collect a toll had to be renewed with each new Emperor, and renewal was not automatic." (1 p2)

Rheinbund 1812 (3,4)

Waterways of Germany 2015 (3,5)

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